“Adam was the first inventor of arts, because he had knowledge of all things as well after the Fall as before. … From this cause, it came about that his successors erected two tablets of stone, on which they engraved all natural arts. … Noah found one of these tablets under Mount Ararat, after the Deluge. In this table were described the courses of the upper firmament and of the lower globe, and also of the planets. At length this universal knowledge was divided into several parts. By means of this separation, one man became an astronomer, another a magician, another a cabalist, and a fourth an alchemist. Abraham … carried the art out of the land of Canaan into Egypt, whereupon the Egyptians rose to so great a height and dignity that this wisdom was derived from them by other nations. …
“So it was in the time of Moses when both the priests and the also the physicians were chosen from among the Magi—the priests for the judgment of what related to health, especially in the knowledge of leprosy, Moses, likewise was instructed in the Egyptian schools, at the cost and care of Pharaohs’ daughter, so that he excelled in all the wisdom and learning of that people. Thus to was it with Daniel who … became a cabalist. Witness his divine predictions. … These words can be understood by the prophetic and cabalistic Art. “ ~Paracelsus
I’m not sure why Paracelsus says that Adam was “the inventor of arts,” but doesn’t mention science. Perhaps to Paracelsus it was all the same thing. In any case, I think it is safe to say that if we consider Adam the inventor of arts, we must also consider him the inventor of science. He is, after all, the symbolic first human being.
Paracelsus also says that Adam had knowledge of all things, even after “the Fall,” meaning that he retained heavenly knowledge even after “falling” from the dimension of spirit into the dimension of matter. This was fortunate in one way, for Adam probably would have perished very quickly without that knowledge to help him learn, develop, and feed and care for himself in this new place he was now living. On the other hand, he couldn’t help but be depressed about the situation he was now in while he retained the knowledge and memories of the much greater spiritual worlds.
Upper Firmament and Lower Globe
Paracelsus says the stone tablets on which were engraved “all natural arts” had, among other things, a description of the courses of the Upper firmament and lower globe. But then he adds that they also have the courses of the planets. So upper firmament doesn’t mean the planets. We can assume it means the stars. So these tablets described the movements of the stars, planets, and the globe of the Earth. But I suspect it was really more than that and Paracelsus knew it. I think that he was also speaking allegorically. So in allegory, the globe would represent the physical world and the firmament would be the spiritual world.
If, as Paracelsus says, Adam retained “knowledge of all things,” then he would have knowledge of the spiritual as well as the material. That is the only way his retention of knowledge would be unusual. Many have great knowledge of the physical, but few have knowledge of the spiritual realms. So the knowledge on the stones should include some knowledge of the spiritual, though probably in allegorical form so it couldn’t be misused by materialists.
Divided Universal Knowledge
Paracelsus says that the Divine Universal Knowledge of all was divided into various arts and sciences. One person may have concentrated on the part of this universal knowledge that pertained to astronomy and astrology, another studied it for healing purposes, and so on. So in a way, the Universal Knowledge was lost because no individual had all of it. Yet it was retained in pieces within these arts and sciences. Only in the ancient mystery schools and some academies of philosophy was there any attempt to bring them all together again and add back in those bits and pieces that were lost completely. This was done by awakening the spiritual faculties—the spirit and soul—that allow us to gain such universal knowledge directly from the Source. Since the soul, when awakened, can communicate with divine beings such as angels, Beings of Light, and God Himself, the soul can get back all that lost knowledge. When it does, it gains what the Gnostics called Gnosis. So use the power and energy of the spiritual sun to awaken your spirit and soul and start on your path to Universal Knowledge and enlightenment.