“As in the case of the prophets, the Spirit wrought in them and taught them, and was within them, and appeared to them outwardly, so with Adam. The Spirit, when it pleased Him, was with him and taught him, and suggested, ‘Speak thus’ and he aid it. For the word was all things to him, and so long as he abode in the commandment he was a friend of God. And yet why should we be surprised if in spite of such conditions of existence he transgressed the commandment? Those who have been filled with the Holy Ghost still have the thoughts of nature, and have the will to comply with them. Thus Adam, though present with God in paradise transgressed of himself by his own will, and obeyed the evil side. Still, even after the transgression, he had knowledge.” ~St. Macarius the Egyptian
Holy Spirit in Them
It seems clear to me that when Macarius says the saints had the Spirit in them, it means the same as when he says they are filled with the Holy Ghost. Both refer to the awakening of one’s own spirit and soul.
When spiritual teachers speak about having the spirit within, however, many get the idea that it exists within us, and only within us. That is simply not true. First, simply because something is within us doesn’t mean it isn’t also outside of us. Second, spirits, including the Holy Ghost, exist outside of the limits of time and space. So they are everywhere at the same time. Remember, Hermes said “As above, so below, as within, so without.” He didn’t say it was all within ourselves.
Spirit Taught Them
The Holy Spirit teaches us in an indirect way only. When the spiritual light of the spiritual sun awakens our soul, it has access to all the truth and knowledge of the universe. That doesn’t mean it knows everything at once.
When you get a library card, you don’t suddenly know everything that is in the library books. You have to read the books to learn. Likewise, the great knowledge and truth found in the spiritual realms comes through to us a little at a time so we won’t be overwhelmed by it.
The Mighty Fall
Some people believe that once you have been spiritually awakened by the holy Spirit, there is no possible way for you to fall back into the illusion of materialism. Unfortunately, they are wrong. It not only can happen, it happens fairly often. The move “The Matrix” did a good job of illustrating this when one of the group turned against them because he wanted to go back to sleep and live a pleasant dream rather than deal with a harsh reality.
People who have awakened to some degree often think there is no more for them to do. They believe they can just coast through after that. This makes them easy targets for dark forces and dark beings that want humanity to fail. Before long, they are skipping spiritual events, failing to continue their spiritual exercises. One step backwards at a time, they fall back into the realm of illusion.
Others do their exercises regularly, but may be hit with same type of personal disaster by those same dark forces. They may have a loved one die. They may become seriously ill. Or they may have major financial setbacks. While some will buckle down and fight the darkness even harder, others give up. They think the fact that bad things are happening to them means they are on the wrong path, so they turn around and go back. Actually, having difficulties is a strong indicator that you are on the right path.
St. Macarius says that even after Adam fell, he still had knowledge. The knowledge he gained through the Holy Spirit, not book knowledge. But that is only partially true. Adam did remember much, which made his life trapped in matter and illusion miserable. But he also forgot much, otherwise he would have been able to escape his plight. Once the Holy Spirit is lost, it is even more difficult to get it back.