“The Gnostics were divided in their opinions concerning the Demiurgus, or creator of the lower worlds.

He established the terrestrial universe with the aid of six sons, or manations (possibly, the planetary Angels) which he formed out of, and yet within, himself. As stated before, the Demiurgus was individualized as the lowest creation out of the substance called pleroma. One group of the Gnostics was of the opinion that the Demiurgus was the cause of all misery and was an evil creature, who by building this lower world had separated the souls of men from truth by encasing them in mortal vehicles. The other sect viewed the Demiurgus as being divinely inspired and merely fulfilling the dictates of the invisible Lord. Some Gnostics were of the opinion that the Jewish God, Jehovah, was the Demiurgus.” ~Manly P. Hall

Gnostics and the Demiurge

It is possible that different Gnostic groups had different beliefs about the nature of the Demiurge. It is also possible that historians have misunderstood the teachings since they admit that most knowledge of such groups was destroyed by the state-approved Christian church.

In any case, it seems that they all agreed that this Demiurge who created the lower realms or realms of matter is not the true God, but a lower level being. Not much lower, obviously, if e had the power to create an entire universe of matter, but still not the real God.

The Creator and the Creation

We can get some idea of what the Demiurge is by looking at what he created. Let’s compare some of the attributes of the spiritual dimensions created by the true God, and the material ones created by the Demiurge.

  • Spirit realms are without the limitation of time and space. Without time, there is no birth and no death. Everything there is permanent and eternal.
  • In the lower dimensions, time and space exist. They are not fantasies, as some suggest they are real. Life in these realms is limited. Beings are born only to die a short time later.
  • In spiritual worlds, beings can travel anywhere instantly. That is because they really don’t have to travel at all. When there is no time or space, these beings are everywhere, always. They simply shift their attention to a different location ,and they are there. No movement involved.
  • On the physical level, travel can be difficult and time consuming. We humans have explored far less than one percent of the physical universe because of the difficulty of traveling in this realm.
  • In spiritual worlds, there is no disease, no wars, no greed, no fear.
  • The physical worlds are plagued with war,disease, greed, fear, and nasty creatures we should fear.

I can’t imagine how anyone can look at that list and believe that the dimensions of matter created by the Demiurge is an improvement over the spiritual ones created by the real God. So if the world created by the Demiurge are inferior, we must say that this creation is not an improvement. Therefore, it could not have been intended by the real God.

Jehovah and the Demiurge

Mr. Hall says some of the Gnostics believed the Jewish God Jehovah was the Demiurge. The question is, dis other Gnostic groups deny that? I doubt it. Whether they stated it, or not, I think they all knew that Jehovah, the jealous, angry and violent “god” was not the true God in Heaven. Therefore, he must be the Demiurge. I can see no other possibility.


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